Credit Scoring: What does it mean?

Credit scoring is a technique used to measure the risk involved in lending money to consumers and businesses. It helps lenders determine how likely it is that a borrower will repay a loan on time. The higher the score, the less risky it is for the lender to offer finance.

While many different factors go into calculating a credit score, some of the most important include:

  • Payment history – have you paid your bills on time?
  • Debt utilization ratio – how much debt do you have compared to your overall credit limit?
  • Length of credit history – how long have you been borrowing money and repaying it responsibly?
  • New credit accounts – often applying for new lines of credit can impact your score

How does it work in banking?

There is no doubt that credit scoring has become an important factor in banking. This system helps banks to determine the likelihood that a borrower will repay their debt. Credit scores help lenders make informed decisions about extending financing to potential borrowers by looking at various factors, including payment history and overall indebtedness.

The higher someone's score under this system, the more likely they will be able to repay debts in full and on time. Banks use this information when deciding whether or not to offer financing to potential borrowers.

Why is it important in banking?

A high Credit Score means good repayment behavior and therefore signifies that a person is less likely to default on their loan commitments. As such, having a good credit score can be beneficial when applying for mortgages, car loans or other forms of borrowing from financial institutions.

Credit scoring also plays an important role in bank risk management. Lenders use this information to identify customers who may be more prone to defaulting on their payments so they can put measures in place (such as increased interest rates) to protect themselves against any possible losses incurred if the customer does not repay what they owe.

Who assigns credit scores?

Creditors assign credit scores to individuals based on their borrowing behavior.

When you apply for a loan or line of credit, to better evaluate your credit score, the creditor might request additional information from a credit bureau. This score reflects how risky it would be to lend money to you and serves as an important tool for lenders when making lending decisions.


Credit scoring is a system used by lenders to assess the credit risk of borrowers. This system uses models that also analyze borrowers' past behavior to predict the likelihood that they will repay their debts.

This information is important for lenders as it allows them to make informed decisions on whether or not to lend money to someone and at what interest rate. The credit score assigned to a person reflects the lender's assessment of this individual's credit risk. It can significantly impact the ability to obtain loans, lines of credit, mortgages, etc.